A lavender bush with pleasant greenery and fragrant flowers can become the pride of every florist's collection. The magic of lavender fields can be easily transferred to a city apartment, providing the plant with a little care and attention. You can grow a fragrant perennial from seeds or take a young plant.
Lavender is a perennial plant native to the dry and sunny Mediterranean coastline, so it needs full sun. For full development, it is necessary to provide the plants with many hours of illumination. Put a container or pot of lavender on the south window and turn on phytolamps on cloudy days. Give lavender 6-8 hours of sunshine a day for a strong, healthy plant.
Lavender has an extensive root system, so choose a large flower pot or container with drainage holes and lots of loose material at the bottom for planting. This will improve air flow to the roots and prevent rotting. The plant itself may appear small, but it will feel suffocating in a small container. The lavender should be transplanted into a new bare-rooted pot for easy adaptation to the new growing environment. In terms of soil, this plant prefers a mixture of peat, sand, vermiculite and / or perlite. To make the soil acidic, add a tablespoon of lime powder. Water your planted lavender and add a layer of sandy or shell mulch to prevent weeds from growing. Lavender is toxic to cats and dogs, so be sure to keep the flower out of the reach of children and pets.
High air humidity contributes to the development of fungal diseases in this plant. Trim the lavender carefully before planting, this will not only shape the plant, but also allow air to circulate through the stems and stimulate new growth. Air flow is especially important for rooms with high humidity.
It is important to avoid wetting the lavender foliage by watering the plant at the base. As mentioned earlier, dampness is lavender's number one enemy, so water the plant once every 7-10 days, allowing the water to drain through the drainage holes. To achieve proper moisture levels, make sure the soil is dry before the next watering, while avoiding excessive drying out.
Lavender is a low maintenance plant that only needs fertilization once a year. Use a light top dressing of mixed compost and bone meal in early spring. The ideal time to fertilize newly planted lavender is after the first watering. Let the soil dry, then fertilize. To make a bouquet of dried lavender flowers, cut off the twigs on which 3⁄4 of the buds have blossomed. The bouquets are dried hanging flowers downwards. A lavender pot installed in the bedroom relaxes and makes sleep restful.
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The heat-loving lavender comes from the mild warm climate of the Mediterranean and loves space, an abundance of sunlight. It is a low-growing shrub up to 1 m high with narrow silvery-green leaves and purple flowers.
There are two varieties of colors:
The English species have narrow leaves, and purple inflorescences are elongated. English lavender is unpretentious and winter-hardy, suitable for growing outdoors and even in central Russia does not require digging in the fall for wintering in pots.
French unlike the English one, it has wider leaves, lavender inflorescences and is shorter in size. In cultivation, this species is more capricious, when the air temperature drops to -15 ° C, the plant dies, therefore this species is grown mainly in pots.
Many growers find it difficult to grow lavender at home. Those who have tried to plant this flower in a pot at least once will agree with them. How to grow lavender at home? To avoid the death of a plant, it is enough to follow the basic rules of planting and caring for it:
To get a beautiful and healthy flower in the future, you need to start taking care of the plant even before planting it. Lavender has a very developed root system, so you need a pot that is wide enough. It is better to give your preference to containers with a volume of one and a half to two liters and a diameter of 30-40 cm.
You will also need to provide good drainage for the pot. To do this, you can use the following components:
Make sure that the drain holes in the pot are not clogged with earth.
Lavender is very fond of alkaline soil. To provide a habitable environment for this plant, choose a mixture of peat with sand and small eggshell additives.
Failure to comply with the temperature and watering rules will certainly lead to the death of the flower. Lavender is very fond of light, so flower pots are placed on the southern windowsill, and in the summer they are taken out into the open air. But if in the warm season the lavender was moved to the balcony, then it is necessary to protect the plant from the draft. To do this, gradually accustom the flower to coolness. On the first day, leave it outdoors for 2 hours, on the second day, increase the time by another hour.
Watering lavender is recommended only with settled water at room temperature. Make sure that the soil is always slightly damp. If the air in the apartment is too dry and stale, then you will have to additionally spray green shoots.
In winter, move the pot of lavender to a cool place and limit watering.
Not only garden lavender, but also a home decorative flower does not tolerate nitrogenous and organic fertilizers. During the flowering period, fertilizing based on minerals is suitable, and at the usual time of the year it is recommended to fertilize the plant with potassium preparations.
Young lavender flowers are constantly fertilized for the first 8-10 weeks. Older plants do not like feeding, so experienced flower growers recommend doing this procedure 2-3 times a year.
For regions where the winter temperature drops below -15 ° C, it is necessary to take care of the safety of the roots, because there are no frosts in the homeland of a flower. The right solution would be to grow the bushes in ceramic pots or other suitable containers so that you can quickly hide them from frost. In winter, lavender shoots will do well at home in a pot on sunny windowsills.
Before growing lavender at home, you need to decide on the variety. When choosing one of the many types, it is necessary to take into account the climatic conditions of the area. French varieties are very thermophilic, while England and Portugal offer more resistant varieties.
The most important attribute when planting is the capacity in which the bush will grow. It should be deep and wide, at least 2 liters in volume and approximately 30 cm in diameter. After all, the root system of lavender has a large mass.
For the lush flowering of home lavender bushes, compliance with the basic rules of cultivation is required:
After publishing articles in our blogs "How to grow lavender in the garden" we got a lot of feedback from you.
This article talked about the history of the appearance of lavender, its beneficial properties and the technology of growing from seeds. The fact is that lavender is a rather thermophilic plant, and it will not be able to grow outdoors in every climate.
For example, in the northern regions (at the latitude of Murmansk, in the north of Siberia, the Urals, in Yakutia and other very "cold" regions of our country) lavender is grown in flowerpots or as a houseplant, or in the summer it is transferred to a garden, and in the fall it is placed in a closed warm room.
In these regions, it is sown with seeds and ready-made seedlings are obtained for planting in some kind of large container or in the ground in the summer.
In the middle lane, in the South Urals, in the North-West region (Leningrad region), in the south of Siberia, the most frost-resistant narrow-leaved (English) lavender can be grown in open ground all year round, providing it with a warm shelter in winter.
For this, it is better to use seedlings.
Our company offers a choice of two forms of planting material for lavender angustifolia (English): seeds and seedlings. Each method of cultivation has its own characteristic features, without the knowledge of which it is rather difficult to grow this wonderful plant.
In this article, we will answer your questions and show you how to grow lavender from seedlings in your garden.
Looking through your catalogs for 2020, I noticed that you offer English lavender (narrow-leaved) and in the form of seeds and seedlings.
In your blog, I only read an article on how to grow this delicate and beautiful flower from seeds. How about seedlings? And what planting material should I order, do you still have time?
Svetlana Ponomareva, Moscow region
By the way, several of our regular readers asked us about the agrotechnology of growing lavender from seedlings: Egor Makeev from Kazan, Elena Pershina from Nizhny Novgorod, Natalya Rykova from Penza.
Serpukhov is the south of the Moscow region, Kazan, Nizhny Novgorod and Penza are similar in temperature to the Moscow region. Of course, you need to order the lavender as seedlings. Moreover, we offer all our readers an absolutely amazing variety of English lavender - Munstead.
This is one of the most popular compact (up to 35 cm high) varieties of frost-resistant lavender, characterized by lush, bright and long (from late May to mid-September) flowering and an unusually pleasant delicate aroma of large lilac-purple flowers.
He is not afraid of weather anomalies, cold winters, and is not affected by pests and diseases. No wonder the last three years this variety has won prizes at all international exhibitions!
We will tell you about growing English lavender from seedlings at the end of this article.
There are many types of lavender, but you only offer English lavender for gardening, why? Tell us more about this species.
Alla Guseva, Chelyabinsk region
English lavender, like all other species, is an evergreen perennial shrub that, depending on the variety, grows from 30 to 100 cm.
This is the most frost-resistant type of lavender, therefore Russian gardeners successfully grow it in most of the country.
Unlike other species, angustifolia lavender does not have a central stem. Its spreading bush consists of many thin shoots (up to 350 pieces), covered with bright green elongated narrow leaves.
The root system of the plant is dense, superficial and highly branched. But the central root can go deep into the soil up to 1.8 m.
The inflorescences of lavender are spike-shaped, consisting of 10 medium-sized, fragrant flowers of blue, lilac or purple (depending on the variety).
This is a very beautiful and unpretentious plant, which is most often used to create borders, edging rockeries and alpine slides, creating long uniform beds along the central paths.
And now - the answer to the question that is contained in each of your letters:
"How to properly grow English lavender from a seedling in your garden?"
Landing. Choosing the right place to plant your lavender is very important. It should be well lit by the sun all day long. In the shade, plants will wither and may die altogether.
Lavender prefers fertile soils, loose and neutral. The shrub will not grow on heavy acidic clays and poor sandstones. It is also very important that the groundwater level is no closer than 2.5 m from the earth's surface.
In lowlands and in areas flooded with melt and rainwater, lavender will die in the second year after planting.
It is best to plant it on a small hill or artificial flower bed.
Select all the parent soil from the planting pit and fill them with a nutrient mixture composed of rotted manure, top fertile layer, sand and leafy soil in equal quantities.
The depth and diameter of the planting pit is 50 cm. Be sure to lay drainage from broken brick or gravel on the bottom with a layer of 10 cm. On acidic soils, use crushed limestone, which is now brought from the south to almost all regions.
The distance between the bushes, depending on their height, is from 50 to 90 cm.
When creating the curb, cut this distance in half so that the lavender bushes create a tight (rather than loose), crisp line.
Add phosphorus-potassium fertilizers, wood ash (1 bucket for 3 holes) and dolomite flour (only on acidic soils) to each planting hole.
Next, take care of it as written in our article. "How to grow lavender in the garden."
There are two important points to consider when growing lavender.
Firstly, air exchange and good oxygen access are very important for its roots. Therefore, the ground under the bushes is constantly loosened, and then mulched with straw or freshly cut grass with a layer of 15 cm.
Secondly, remember that lavender is a moisture-loving plant, so the ground under its bushes must be constantly well saturated with water (but without standing puddles). Too much watering can cause root rot.
Winter shelter. English lavender can withstand winter frosts up to - 25 degrees, provided there is a good snow cover (at least 50 cm). Shelter is a must in winters without snow. It is best to use dry fallen leaves with a layer of 40 cm and on top - a double cover with spruce branches.
In very cold weather, you can still lay a dense non-woven covering material on top, fixing it well at the ends.
We told you how to grow English lavender from seedlings. Holly lavender seeds and saplings of its finest variety - Munstead, you can buy from us now!
When growing lavender at home, observe the following conditions:
Avoid overdrying the soil, but do not pour lavender either. Plant roots do not like excess moisture and can die from it!
You will get your first lavender bloom the next year after planting. So the cultivation of lavender is a fascinating business, but a long one. But almost every summer resident can grow these amazing flowers and admire the beauty of "blue gold" - this is what the French call the plant. Put in a little effort and the beauty of Provence will settle in your garden!