Aconite is an unpretentious beautiful perennial for the northern garden

Solo part for aconite

Choosing plants for our flower garden, we, first of all, are interested in their decorativeness, and then everyone sets priorities in their own way. For someone it is important that the plant blooms for a long time, for someone - albeit not for long, but in order to “get bigger and thicker”, it is important for others to get a rare exotic.

For me, in the first, second and third places is the usual unpretentiousness. Sadly, I am a terrible lazy person, and I do not intend to perform any ritual dances around my flower garden.

We do not live in Sochi, but in wet Petersburg, sunny days for us are a common holiday. Therefore, I choose plants only resistant to our difficult weather and belonging to the fourth climatic zone.

Even roses, only shrabs and Canadians grow in me, i.e. winter-hardy and non-sheltering. May all the quivering and diligent gardeners who love to tinker with covering materials forgive me. Currently, the choice of unpretentious, stable, abundantly flowering perennials is quite large, but I would like to tell you about my favorites - the majestic aconites.

The people often call Aconites simply "shoes", their ultramarine thickets turn blue near many of the fences of our country. Aconites are successfully fighting for their piece of garden land against the invasion of any malicious weeds, as in the song - "... you cannot strangle, you cannot kill." Maybe that's why aconite is also called a wrestler.

I have several varieties of aconite growing and, really, all of them are worthy of Natasha Rostova's enthusiastic exclamation “... what a charm!”. Widespread variety Bicolor - a tall and lush handsome man with many lateral, flowering twigs. Elegant variety Steinless Steel - elongated vertically, with large, light lilac shoes, which are densely and tightly pressed to the stems. Charming variety Pink sense - the owner of delicate, light pink inflorescences. Stylish, high grade Album pleases my flower garden with its snow-white cloud in July and August. Compact, low grade Ivorin blooms in June with its extraordinary, elongated spurs, the whole plant looks neat, cheerful bouquet.

Aconite yellow

Recently, a new resident appeared in my garden - this is aconite yellow... Its unusual lemon yellow flowers make it look quite exotic.

It differs from its unpretentious counterparts not only in color, but also in preferences: it loves higher and drier places, with the addition of sand. There is even a liana among the aconites - aconite curly, growing up to 2-2.5 m, blooming profusely from the end of July with dark blue shoes.

Like many vines, curly aconite loves shading. With me, he feels great next to the lilac and wraps around it gently, but persistently. At the end of July, a new "species" of lilac appears on our site, blooming with bright blue shoes and only on one side.

Aconites will grow in the sun and in the shade, and they will survive the drought, but if you give them a little attention and care, then their gratitude will be very generous.

There are no care secrets, the usual weeding, watering, fertilizing the earth, add a handful of ash, if not a pity. My only secret is that at the moment of flowering of the first high peduncles, I cut them off, and later I cut off all the late flowering branches.

Aconite varieties Bicolor

The reaction of the Aconites to my unceremonious actions is immediate: new flower shoots are thrown out. And how could it be otherwise - everyone wants to leave their offspring on earth. If you use this pruning technique, aconites will enliven and fill your flower gardens with bright colors from June-July to September. They look majestic as a vertical accent and perform their solo part, towering above the combined choir of other colors.

For the sake of your personal taste, the composite choir can be composed of any plants 30-70 cm high so that they cover the not always pretty lower part of the aconite, and so that they are not taller than its height. Daylilies, astilbe, aquilegia, peonies, irises are quite suitable for this purpose. For me, for example, aconites grow in a flower garden in a company with many different phloxes. They are wonderfully combined with each other in color, bloom almost at the same time, and most importantly, in the midday heat, aconites serve as an excellent screen for delicate phlox flowers.

Well, now we have to talk about the unpleasant property of aconite and put a fly in the ointment in a barrel of honey. All sources indicate that the plant venomously.

This is a very serious property, and I do not dare to assert anything from myself, therefore, I am citing the data from the "Encyclopedia of Ornamental Garden Plants". It says the following: “The toxicity of the plant is caused by the content of alkaloids (primarily aconitine) in it, which affect the central nervous system and cause convulsions and paralysis of the respiratory center. The toxicity of aconite depends on the geographical location (soil, climate), on the age of the plant - in the southern latitudes it is most poisonous, and in Norway, for example, animals are fed with it.

Konit Album

Cultivated in culture on fertile garden land, aconite loses its poisonous properties after several generations. The medicinal uses of this plant are very diverse; in Tibet he is called "the king of medicine", he was treated with anthrax, pneumonia; in Russian folk medicine, it was used as an external pain reliever. To date, some types of aconite are listed in the Red Book. "

In order to avoid any existing or non-existing problems with toxicity, I plant aconites in the center of the flower garden, surrounded by dense thickets of phlox, so that it is not easy for children to reach it. So, my dear florists, I have shared with you a piece of my love for a wonderful, decorative perennial.

Perhaps some of you will take a new, more interested look at aconite. For those florists who are interested in this wonderful flower, I invite you to visit my website or call +7 (921) 301-79-73.

Irina Tsvetkova, florist

Aconite - unpretentious beautiful perennial for the northern garden - garden and vegetable garden

The garden, penetrated by the sun's rays, looks great. But sometimes from the heat you want to hide somewhere in a shady corner. And of course, there are such places on any personal plot. Here the sun comes only in the mornings or evenings, or even does not look in at all. Most often, such places are located on the north side of the house or under the crowns of trees. Summer residents-gardeners usually do not plant plants in these places, believing that they will not grow here anyway. And in vain they think so. In shady and even completely shaded corners of the garden, you can successfully create a picturesque corner of fresh flowers. In such a cool place it will be not only pleasant to take a break from the heat, but also to enjoy the beauty of flowers, to breathe their aroma. Perennials are usually planted in such places.

Before breaking up a shady flower garden, you must carefully prepare the soil: add leaf humus, well-decomposed compost, sand and a little weathered peat. On clay and loamy areas, the dose of sand is increased, and on sandy and peaty areas, instead of sand and peat, leaf compost or garden soil is added, which helps to retain moisture. In addition, it is necessary to dig grooves to drain water, protect the plants from rain streams from the roof or overhanging branches, since excessive dampness, especially in winter and early spring, when the ground is still frozen, is destructive even for moisture-loving crops. In subsequent years, it is enough to mulch the soil near the plants in spring and autumn with leaf humus with a layer of 3-5 cm, which will fully satisfy their need for nutrition. Be sure to take into account the proximity of neighboring trees and shrubs. The soil around them is permeated with roots and dried up. Particularly unfavorable conditions for flowering plants under spruce, birch, maple trees. In such cases, it is recommended to make planting pits for perennials slightly larger than usual in size and fill them with leaf humus.

Often people, in an effort to ennoble as much space in their garden as possible, plant flowers under fruit trees. This is not worth doing, since during the harvest the flowers can simply be trampled. If you really want to plant something under a fruit tree or bush, then unpretentious small-bulbous perennials blooming in spring, such as Scylla Siberian (scrub) and muscari (mouse hyacinth), are best suited for this. On sandy soils, you can add crocuses to these. By the time the fruits are harvested, the aerial part of the small-bulbous ones completely dies off - they pass into a dormant stage.

When choosing plants for a shady area, special attention is paid to the decorative foliage. For planting, be sure to include several perennials, which keep it until late autumn. In general, you should not overload the flower garden with a large number of plants, it is enough to choose 5-10 species (depending on the size of the site) that are most suitable for your climatic zone.

Now let's look at the assortment of the most common and unpretentious perennials.

Astilba - a beautiful perennial with effective complex-pinnate leaves of various shades of green or brownish-purple and lush paniculate inflorescences of white, pink, red or lilac color. The height of the bush is from 45 cm to 1.5 m or more. Astilba blooms for 3-4 weeks, depending on the species and variety - from June to September. Astilbes require a well-drained and humus-rich, moisture-absorbing soil. They grow well in semi-dark places.

Astilbe is propagated by dividing the bushes, preferably in spring, or by seeds where they have time to ripen, but the safety of the variety is not guaranteed. Sowing is carried out before winter in the ground or in the spring in a greenhouse. The winter hardiness of plants is high, but in areas with a harsh climate, the bushes should be covered with peat in a layer of up to 10-15 cm.

Badan forms dense evergreen clumps. It has large (up to 30 cm in diameter), rounded leaves with a beautiful shiny surface. In autumn, they acquire a bronze-red color, which lasts until the next spring. The flowers are pink, collected in a dense raceme at the end of thick peduncles. Blooms in April-May. Badan looks especially beautiful on alpine slides. The plant requires a well-drained, moisture-absorbing and fertile soil. Badan prefers shading.

In culture, there are two outwardly similar types of badan - heart-shaped and thick-leaved. Much less often in the European part, Pacific incense is cultivated, which is widespread in Eastern Siberia and the Far East. All species reproduce easily by dividing the bush.

In culture, periwinkle small and less winter-hardy large periwinkle are common. With a periwinkle haircut, you can make low, thick curbs. Propagated by dividing bushes and green cuttings.

Brunner's large-leaved, or deaf forget-me-not, - an unpretentious perennial with a creeping rhizome. Brunner flowers are similar to forget-me-nots, but with a white eye. Flowering lasts for several weeks in May-June, after which the foliage dries up. It can grow both in shady gardens and in open areas, but in the latter case it can suffer from drought. Prefers acidic humus soils and an abundance of moisture during the growing season. Propagated by dividing rhizomes and seeds.

Buzulnik - another shade lover. Most effective Buzulnik Przewalski, which differs from other species in finger-dissected leaves on shiny dark purple petioles. Small golden-yellow flower baskets are collected in a narrow spike-shaped inflorescence up to 70 cm long, blooms in July-August. The total height of the bush in bloom can reach 1.5 m. It requires fertile, drained soil and an abundance of moisture during the growing season. In illuminated areas, the leaves become dark purple in color.

Noteworthy and toothed buzulnik with rounded light green leaves and orange-yellow "chamomile" flowers in a loose paniculate inflorescence, blooms in August-September. Both types reproduce by dividing the bush and seeds. The buzulnik is especially beautiful in single plantings on the lawn or near the shore of a decorative reservoir.

The center is magnificent - a beautiful perennial, forming sprawling bushes (70-100 cm) with complex feathery delicate leaves. In May-June, the whole plant is covered with numerous pink flowers with a white nose, similar to small hearts. Then the aerial part of the bush dies off, and in the second half of summer there are only fragile creeping rhizomes with buds for future growth, but in some years the leaves remain until the end of the season.

The dicenter is indispensable for a shady garden. It can be planted under apple, pear, linden and other trees. And under the branches of the dicentra, you can plant woodlands or corydalis. In the 60-70s of the last century, Dicentra was very popular among amateur gardeners in our country. Then they somehow forgot about her, carried away by new types of plants. Today her presence in the garden gives the flower garden a retro look. Dicenter reaches especially lush development on deeply cultivated, drained soils, rich in humus and moisture. Dicenter is propagated by dividing rhizomes.

Bells - ordinary plants of forest glades and edges, which have long found their way into our gardens and won universal love. Especially common bell carpathian... Plant height 30-35 cm. Bell-shaped flowers, violet-blue or white. Bells can be grown in one place for up to 6 years. Prefers semi-shady places, blooms worse in the sun. Propagated by seedlings. Flowering begins in the second year.

European hoof - a rare guest in our gardens, although the plant deserves more attention. Forms low evergreen cushions (10-15 cm) with beautiful rounded kidney-shaped leathery leaves. The flowers are located under the leaves near the ground and are not of interest. The plant can be used as a border around a flower garden. The clefthoof emits a faint smell of pepper when touched. It develops more luxuriantly on moisture-intensive, rich soils, but can grow on any others. Propagated by dividing the bush, sometimes by self-seeding.

May lily of the valley - a plant that does not need to be introduced to anyone. There are so many poems and songs about delicate and fragrant lilies of the valley that their image easily arises in the imagination. Wild lilies of the valley have been protected in recent years. But in gardens, they can be grown and then cut off for installation in vases as much as you like.

For cultivation in the garden, cultivated forms with large white or pale pink flowers are usually used. The place for planting should be chosen in the shade or partial shade of trees. It is undemanding to the soil, but it blooms more luxuriantly in humus, moisture-consuming areas. Propagated by segments of rhizomes with 1-2 buds (in autumn). Easy to distill.

Medunitsy widespread in the forest zone. More often than others, the narrow-leaved lungwort is cultivated, forming pictures with a height of 15-30 cm. The lungwort is one of the first to bloom in the garden - in April-May. Its bright purple-pink buds and violet-blue half-open flowers look very beautiful against the green foliage background. Grows in shade and partial shade, requires fertilized, moisture-absorbing soil. It blooms weakly in dry areas. Propagated by dividing long creeping rhizomes and seeds (before winter).

Foxglove purple known in culture since ancient times.The plant forms compact bushes with a basal rosette of rather large, oval, bluish leaves and tall, strong peduncles bearing dense spike-shaped inflorescences with purple, pink or white bell-shaped flowers with a beautiful dark speck in the pharynx. Foxglove blooms in July, prefers heavy, water-intensive and fertile soils. A perennial crop requires good drainage, otherwise the plant turns into a biennial. And the rest of the plant is quite unpretentious. Propagated by seeds, which are sown immediately after harvest before winter or spring.

Primrose (primrose) - an extensive genus introduced into culture at the turn of the 17th century. In shady areas, the common primrose, often called stemless primrose, is better than others. Forms compact bushes (10-15 cm), strewn in early spring with many flowers on thin peduncles, which appear immediately after the snow melts and decorate the garden for more than a month. The color of flowers in garden forms is very diverse and includes all colors of the spectrum, except for blue, however, white, yellow, pink and crimson are more common.

Garden forms of tall primroses, requiring sunlight in the morning and evening hours, feel somewhat worse in the shade. This species blooms 2-3 weeks later than the previous one. Bright flowers are collected in an umbrella at the end of the stem 10-15 cm high. Yellow and crimson-red colors prevail, but varieties of white, pink, orange-red, blue and purple colors are known. In the center of the flower there is usually a "eye" of a contrasting color. Both types require a well-drained, deeply cultivated soil containing enough nutrients and moisture during the growing season. Plants suffer greatly from stagnant water in winter and early spring. Propagated by division (every 2-3 years) and seeds.

Hosta belongs to the most spectacular decorative deciduous perennials that can withstand significant shading. The main advantage of this plant is beautiful oval leaves of different shades of green and bluish-blue. There are white and yellow-variegated forms. The flowers of the hosta are bell-shaped, collected in a brush at the end of strong peduncles, in most species they have a pale lilac or light purple color. Blooms in July-August.

More often than others, there is a green-leaved form of lanceolate hosta (up to 50 cm), golden marble (50-70 cm), which retains a bright color until mid-summer, after which the leaves acquire a dull green color, as well as a white-bordered form of the same species, forming vigorous bushes (70 cm) about 1 m in diameter and retaining a bright white stripe along the edge of the leaf throughout the season. All hosts prefer fertile, water-intensive, but well-drained soil. They can grow in one place for many years. Plants are winter-hardy, but in spring they can suffer from frost. They reproduce mainly by division.

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Aconite in history

Akone is not only a cliff, but also the name of a city in Greece, where the sea is of similar colors. According to mythology, the flower appeared thanks to the saliva of Cerberus, the dog that guards the underworld. Hercules defeated the monster, bringing him to earth (11 feat). There, Cerberus dropped some of his saliva, which caused mythical flowers to sprout.

According to the second legend, the flower is called "fighter", which is associated with Scandinavian myths. He appeared after the struggle of the famous god Thor, who defeated a poisonous snake, but died from its poison.

The properties of aconite have been known to human civilization since ancient times.

In Greece and China, it was used to poison arrows by warriors, and the Nepalese poisoned water with them to injure the invader, and also used it in hunting. Even the smell of a flower has a poisonous effect on the body, such a strong poison is contained here.

According to Plutarch, the soldiers of Mark Antony, who were poisoned with aconite, had serious memory lapses, vomited the contents of the stomach along with bile. According to legend, the famous khan Timur was poisoned with aconite, soaking the ruler's skullcap with juice. Aconite is also called wolf, because wolves have been poisoned with it since ancient times.

The poison of the plant is at the heart of another legend about creation. When God created flowers, he gave people joy, such threads of connection with the sky. The devil decided to intervene and looked into each flower, wanting to inject his poison. The Lord sent a wind to the earth, which tilted the plants. But some proudly raised flowers to the sky and became poisonous, succumbing to the influence of Satan. Among them was aconite.

The plant is poisonous due to the presence of alkaloids that affect the nervous system

They paralyze the respiratory center, causing convulsions. The closer to the equatorial latitudes aconite grows, the more toxic it is. In Norway, this flower is eaten by cattle, and in the south it is the worst poison.

If you grow aconite in the garden for many years, taking care of the composition of the soil regularly, over time it will lose its toxicity and become an ordinary flower.

Aconite is widely used in modern and traditional medicine. In Tibet, recipes based on it are used to treat anthrax, pneumonia, and other complex diseases, and in Russia they make external pain relievers. Now many types of aconite are protected by law.

Reproduction of lychnis and smolovka

Seeds... Seeds stratified for 2 weeks at +16. + 21 ° C and surface sowing, germinate within a month. It is important to maintain the moisture content of the soil: the crops are covered with glass, periodically removing it so that mold does not appear. Pour with settled water at room temperature - carefully (for example, from a spray bottle). In April, it can be sown in open ground.

Cuttings... Terry varieties are cuttings in the summer in the fall, rooted cuttings are already ready for planting in a permanent place. Planting density - 9-12 pcs. per 1 m², the optimal distance between plants is 20-25 cm.

When planting, there must be a distance of at least 20 cm between the plants

By dividing... In spring and late summer, large bushes are divided into 3-5 parts.

Do lichnis or smolevoids grow in your country house? Share the secrets of their flowering and photos in the flower garden.

Balcony decoration with flowers: ideas and useful tips

City apartments can be well equipped, but without a green zone they look impersonal and empty. At least, plant lovers think so. The culture of decorating balconies and loggias with flower arrangements, green plants is gaining momentum. We will tell you and show you how you can beautifully decorate a balcony, given the location and size of the balcony.

Before you buy or plant your own plants for a balcony or loggia, you should think about:

  • How to organize space
  • What will be the container for flowers
  • What flowers are right for your conditions
  • How to provide watering for plants.

First, you need to remove all unnecessary from the balcony. For many, the balcony is a place for storing various unnecessary things. The combination of beautiful colors and a junk warehouse is not the best solution. The beautiful view of the flower garden will be spoiled, so the first step on the balcony is to carry out a general cleaning.

Then you need to make sure that the parapet is reliable if you place flowers on it. Given the space of your balcony, you can determine exactly what area you are willing to allocate for flowers.

The next step would be choosing the type of landscaping:

  1. On the large balconies you can arrange mini-oases of flowers. In addition to flower combined compositions, large single plants can be placed. You can also decorate the composition with various decorative elements.
  2. On the medium sized balconies horizontal compositions located in a narrow row along the walls and parapet will be appropriate. Light flower pots can be hung on the railing, compact plant stands are also suitable.
  3. On the small balconies You can save space by installing vertical compositions.

Important: There should be room on the balcony for free movement and access to plants, because you have to water them often.

When choosing plants for landscaping a balcony, it is important to consider whether the balcony is heated in winter. On the balcony you can plant such plant types:

  • Annuals
  • Biennial
  • Perennial

If the balcony is not heated in winter, it is better to get annuals that will delight you with their beauty only in the warm season. Biennial and perennial flowers are suitable for heated balconies. You can also plant perennials or biennials, if you move the plants to an apartment or house for the winter, in suitable climatic conditions.

How to decorate a balcony with flowers: useful tips

Perennial flowers - the basis for creating a flower bed

There are two large varieties of flowers. The first group are annuals, which are planted with seeds and grow in just one season. The second group is perennials, plants that require more care, but at the same time are able to delight the gardener for several years.

Perennial plants have a number of advantages that are appreciated among those who like to grow flowers on the site:

  • great species diversity, which is very important when creating a flower bed
  • long life of the plant. Only the upper part dies off, and the roots are able to exist for more than 6 years in some plants
  • reproduction using rhizomes, shoots or seeds, which allows you to later transplant flowers to other flower beds and create additional flower beds
  • a large number of medicinal plants among perennial species, which makes it possible to get a real "green" pharmacy at the dacha.

Herbaceous plants near the house photo and name

Residents of houses when decorating adjoining territories have long ceased to be limited to mallows and asters alone. Plants in the yard have become part of the landscape design. It doesn't take a lot of effort to decorate a flower garden. If you choose suitable plants and follow a certain order when planting them, then the flower bed will delight you from early spring to late autumn.

Watch the video: Aconitum carmichaelii variety Monkshood

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