Red beans: description and useful properties


Red beans many years ago came to us from South America and since then they have firmly established themselves in our menu. There are many varieties of this product - white or red beans, spotted beans, black beans, even yellow beans. But the main competitors among the species are undoubtedly the white and red varieties.

Description

Beans are high in calories, but despite this, they are an exceptional dietary product: it harmoniously combines a high protein content, a low amount of fat, as well as a myriad of trace elements and useful compounds that are indispensable for the normal functioning of the human body.

Small red beans are high in vegetable protein, which, unlike their animal counterparts, is excellent and easy to digest. The dietary fiber in beans has a beneficial effect on the gastrointestinal tract and stimulates normal digestion. Beans, white or red when eaten, help to normalize the heart rate, increase the elasticity of blood vessels, and as a result, reduce the risk of blood clots.

In addition, legumes significantly speed up the metabolism, provide the body with sufficient energy, but do not lead to excess weight.

It should be noted the positive effect of beans on the liver: the substances contained in the grains help cleanse the organ, restore its cells, and accelerate metabolism.

Video "Useful properties"

From the video you will learn about the beneficial properties of beans.

Beneficial features

Despite their nutritional value, as mentioned, beans are often included in the diet. This is possible thanks to the record low fat content and high protein and fiber content. Once in the body, they give a feeling of fullness for a long time, since dietary fiber is digested slowly.

Fiery red beans are especially useful for those who fast or follow the principles of vegetarianism: bean protein is very close to animal protein in its composition.

In addition, beans have the ability to lower blood sugar levels, which is why they are often recommended for people suffering from various degrees of diabetes.

But this is not all the useful properties characteristic of beans. It has a beneficial effect on the condition of the heart muscle, reduces the risk of developing cardiovascular pathologies, and also helps to activate the hematopoietic function.

Obviously, beans are an extremely healthy and nutritious vegetable that has no analogues.

Growing

The fiery red bean belongs to climbing plants, the length of the stems of which can reach 5 m. The flowering period stretches from mid-June and lasts until the first frost. Legumes are quite thermophilic, so it is better to choose sunny areas for growing them. The soil should be well fertilized, loose, and sufficiently drained. The culture prefers abundant watering at the beginning of its development immediately after planting. As the plant grows, watering should be gradually reduced to a minimum.

Before sowing, the seeds must be properly prepared: soak for a day in clean water at room temperature. Sowing in open ground can be done when the slightest threat of night frost has completely passed. Scarlet beans of the Red Riding Hood variety grows quite quickly, and when choosing weaving varieties, it can be used as hedges for vertical landscaping of a personal plot or garden.

Care

The culture does not need special or special care, just choose the right place for planting, observe the temperature regime, and do not forget to choose the right soil composition. A little later, curly varieties will have to be tied to pre-installed supports. That's all, there are only infrequent feeding and occasional watering. The beans seem to grow on their own, bringing rich crops even to the laziest gardener.

Video "Growing"

From the video you will learn how to properly grow beans.


Both crops belong to the grain variety of the plant. Fully ripe grains are eaten. The pods are not edible because, when ripe, a parchment layer forms on the inside of their valves. It is fibrous and tough and contains toxic substances.

White and red beans differ from each other in the following ways:

  • the content of proteins, vitamins and microelements in beans
  • the shape and size of bushes, grains, ripening times
  • the ability to retain useful substances after heat treatment.

Many beans require a long time to cook. Not all trace elements retain their beneficial qualities. They decay or transform into useless and even harmful substances for humans.


Beans: calorie content and beneficial properties

Everyone knows that legumes are useful. But few people like the beans themselves. Although they are very popular in the West. But beans, the calorie content of which is quite low, are loved by many.

Beans were brought to us long ago from the countries of South and Central America, where they have been grown since time immemorial. Already 5-6 thousand years ago, they knew how to cultivate and process it in different ways. It is noteworthy that beans were one of the favorite dishes of the ancient Greeks and Romans. Chinese chronicles say that beans were also loved in the Celestial Empire. More than 200 varieties of this plant are now known.

Why they love beans

Beans: calories

Different varieties have different nutritional values. White beans contain 352 kcal per 100 grams red beans - 292 kcal green beans - 240 kcal frozen - 102 kcal. These numbers apply only to beans in their pure form. However, it is often combined in dishes with other foods, oils, fats. Therefore, it must be borne in mind that in such cases, the calorie content increases significantly. While lean (no additives) it is an excellent low-calorie dietary product, it can be quite heavy when combined with other ingredients. Red beans, which are lower in calories than white beans, are especially good for the stomach.

Beneficial features

Thanks to beans, salt exchanges pass better, the work of the genitourinary system is improved, the nervous system calms down, the work of gastric juice increases, and the likelihood of tartar appearance decreases. Traditional medicine also uses beans for its own purposes. Its calorie content in this aspect does not play a role. Other properties come to the fore.

The yellow and green beans in the pods are very closely related. These varieties have a similar taste and approximately the same amount of nutrients. From other species, green beans are distinguished by a special, peculiar only to them, method of preparation (whole pods). These beans contain vitamin C, provitamin A, vitamin E and B group, fiber and minerals. The vitamins and zinc included in it effectively destroy free radicals and provide the skin with a youthful and fresh look. The combination of fiber, magnesium, potassium, and folate reduces the risk of heart attack. These beans are not very rich in protein compared to other varieties, but they contain more vitamins. It is preferable to use young pods. Overripe cooks take longer, are less juicy and harsher in taste. White beans, which are higher in calories, are less healthy.

Beans are not recommended for nephritis, acute colitis, gout, cholecystitis, ulcers, high acidity, as well as for the elderly.


Lima beans are a plant of the legume family. America is considered the homeland of this vegetable. Since this type of legume was first learned in Lima, hence the name of the plant appeared. There are other names for this vegetable: "moon beans", appeared because of its unusual shape, or "butter beans" - this name arose because of the creamy taste. Lima beans have 2 varieties: large and small.

Beneficial features

Lima beans can be included in the diet, because due to the content of starchy substances and fiber, it allows you to quickly get full and not feel hungry for a long time. In addition, fiber helps to improve digestion, and it is also an excellent prevention of constipation and hemorrhoids. Because lima beans are an excellent source of vegetable protein, vegetarians and vegans use them in their diets.

This vegetable contains coarse fibers that are not digested by the body. Thanks to this, they have the ability to cleanse the intestines from toxins and other decay products. In this case, intestinal motility improves. In addition, dietary fiber provokes fermentation processes in the intestines, which is an excellent environment for the existence of beneficial bacteria. Thanks to this, immunity improves, and pathogenic bacteria are destroyed. Given this, we can conclude that lima beans are an excellent prevention of bowel cancer.

This type of beans contains iron, which is necessary for the body to produce energy. In addition, the trace element is involved in the transfer of oxygen throughout the body. Also in lima beans there is calcium, which is necessary for strengthening bones and for the prevention of osteoporosis. It is also worth mentioning the potassium in this vegetable. Thanks to it, the work of the heart and the state of blood vessels improves, as well as blood pressure normalizes.

Lima beans also contain folate, which may help reduce the risk of heart attacks. In addition, the vegetable contains magnesium, which helps to improve blood flow and the condition of the walls of veins and arteries.

Cooking use

Both fresh and dried lima beans are used for food. This vegetable can be boiled, fried, stewed, baked, and also made into flour, from which you can make delicious bean bread. Mashed potatoes, cereals are made from lima beans, and they are also added to stews and various side dishes. This vegetable goes well with animal and plant foods.

Lima Bean Benefits and Treatment

The benefits of lima beans are due to their rich composition of vitamins and minerals. For example, this vegetable contains folate and thiamine - substances that are actively involved in the processes of metabolism and hematopoiesis. Consuming this vegetable regularly has been shown to help normalize blood cholesterol levels.

Harm of lima beans and contraindications

Lima beans can be harmful if you are hypersensitive to the components of the product.


Red canned beans

Preserving red beans is one of the ways to preserve the unique properties of this valuable food product, which is suitable for a variety of culinary experiments. In this form, the beans do not require prolonged soaking and further cooking, which sometimes takes more than an hour. Red canned beans can simply be warmed up before use, or drained if used to prepare another dish. A delicious bean side dish made from a jar is great to complement meat, poultry, fish and vegetable dishes. The product is considered ideal for a vegetarian diet or fasting diet.

The low calorie content of canned red beans allows the product to be used for therapeutic and prophylactic and dietary nutrition. Moreover, this type of beans contains so much vegetable protein that sometimes the product is placed on the same level with meat and some types of fish. And due to their easy digestibility and other quality criteria, beans are often preferred over meat products.

Canned red beans are commonly used in cooking in combination with other vegetables and foods. For example, this type of beans with tomatoes and garlic is good, with butter and green vegetables, lamb and chili peppers, as well as with cream and fresh spicy herbs. Canned red beans can be served as mashed potatoes or as a whole; in any case, an excellent side dish for meat dishes is guaranteed. In addition, it is customary to add the product to soups or goulash, which makes the dish more nutritious and thick.

The beneficial and even medicinal properties of red beans have been known to people since ancient times. Even Queen Cleopatra, who, according to historical records, was distinguished by unearthly beauty, personally used miraculous remedies from this bean species as masks for her hair and face. Simple and wealthy people ate a variety of red bean-based foods both in ancient times and today. The benefits of this canned product are obvious, with regular use, the condition of the hair and skin improves, due to the content of vitamin B6 in the beans. Even in the immune and nervous system, there is an improvement, it is only necessary to include beans in the diet more often.

In terms of chemical composition, canned red beans are generally a unique and versatile product. It is an excellent source of vegetable proteins and carbohydrates, carotene, various acids and vitamins of the PP and C groups.

Dishes made from canned red beans supply the human body with vital energy, give it vigor and strength. A rather low calorie content and complete digestibility of beans will not allow extra pounds to be deposited on the sides. This product is very fond of vegetarians, it is great for fasting days and fasting, because it is a natural source of plant proteins necessary for the health and normal functioning of the body.


The composition and calorie content of red beans

This legume is a valuable source of B vitamins. Beans contain vitamin B6 especially in large quantities. 100 grams of red beans contains the WHO recommended daily fiber intake. Beans are very useful for eating, because they contain all the necessary components that provide a person with normal vital functions. These are easily digestible proteins, carotene, zinc, copper, potassium, sulfur, iron, lysine, tyrosine, arginine, etc.

The calorie content of red beans is only 94 kcal per 100 g. Therefore, the benefits of red beans are simply undeniable.


Application in cosmetology

Beans are widely used in cosmetology as well. The unique composition of this product is able to have an amazing effect on the skin. Regular use of masks that contain these beans will help:

  • remove existing inflammatory processes
  • remove expression and age wrinkles
  • whiten skin
  • saturate the skin with the necessary vitamins
  • make the skin elastic
  • cleanse the face of acne and blackheads.

There are a huge number of recipes based on this product, but the most popular is the classic mask. For its preparation, the following components are required:

  • bean puree
  • olive oil
  • freshly squeezed lemon juice.

Mix the indicated ingredients in equal amounts and apply the resulting mixture to the skin of the face and neck. Leave the mask for 15 - 20 minutes, then rinse with warm water without using soap or other means for washing. Use this mask no more than once a week.

Cosmetologists do not recommend using homemade bean products without first testing for allergic reactions.To make sure that homemade cosmetics will not cause rashes, itching, redness and other unwanted symptoms, test for allergic reactions before using the mask. To do this, apply a small amount of the prepared product to the inner part of the elbow fold, leave it for 7 to 10 minutes, and then remove with a soft sponge. If the skin appears rashes or other allergy symptoms, stop using such cosmetics.


Watch the video: How New Orleans Came To Make Red Beans And Rice A City-Wide Staple How We Eat


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